29. What province was established by a future convicted criminal?
Answer to Canada Quiz #29
Louis Riel was a controversial and enigmatic organizer of the Métis — people of mixed European and aboriginal ancestry — of the Canadian prairies. He lead a resistance movement called the Red River Rebellion against the newly confederated Canadian government and established a provisional government in Manitoba which negotiated the terms for becoming a Canadian province in 1870. Riel became a wanted man and fugitive to the United States after playing a role in the execution of Canadian Thomas Scott. Despite his exile he was elected Manitoba’s representative to the Canadian Parliament three times, though he never took office.
After receiving amnesty, he returned to Saskatchewan, Canada where he became embroiled in a second resistance movement, the North-West Rebellion of 1885. It escalated into military confrontation resulting in Louis Riel being arrested, tried and executed on a charge of high treason.
Manitoba celebrates a provincial holiday, Louis Riel Day, on the 3rd Monday of February.