30. Identify the three women pictured below.
Answer to Canada Quiz #30
1. Marie Dressler
2. Mary Pickford
3. Norma Shearer
Canadians won the Academy Award for Best Actress 3 out of the first 4 years that it was presented.
Mary Pickford was born Gladys Marie Smith in Toronto. Dubbed “America’s Sweetheart,” she made a successful transition from silent films to talkies and won the 1929 Best Actress Oscar for her role in Coquette. With Charlie Chaplin, D. W. Griffith and husband Douglas Fairbanks she co-founded United Artists.
Norma Shearer grew up in Montreal and married famed Hollywood producer Irving Thalberg. She was nominated for the Best Actress Academy Award six times, winning for The Divorcee in 1930.
Marie Dressler was born Leila Marie Koerber in Cobourg, Ontario. She played the title character in the first feature length film comedy, Tillie’s Punctured Romance, and was awarded the best actress Oscar in 1931 for her role in Min and Bill.
29. What province was established by a future convicted criminal?
Answer to Canada Quiz #29
Louis Riel was a controversial and enigmatic organizer of the Métis — people of mixed European and aboriginal ancestry — of the Canadian prairies. He lead a resistance movement called the Red River Rebellion against the newly confederated Canadian government and established a provisional government in Manitoba which negotiated the terms for becoming a Canadian province in 1870. Riel became a wanted man and fugitive to the United States after playing a role in the execution of Canadian Thomas Scott. Despite his exile he was elected Manitoba’s representative to the Canadian Parliament three times, though he never took office.
After receiving amnesty, he returned to Saskatchewan, Canada where he became embroiled in a second resistance movement, the North-West Rebellion of 1885. It escalated into military confrontation resulting in Louis Riel being arrested, tried and executed on a charge of high treason.
Manitoba celebrates a provincial holiday, Louis Riel Day, on the 3rd Monday of February.
28. What does this sign signify?
Answer to Canada Quiz #28
For fire safety purposes, buildings may feature their own external fire hose hookups. Such fixtures with two fittings are known as a Siamese Connection, or Raccord Siamois in French.
In Quebec signs similar to the one in the question are placed to notify firefighters of the location of the connections and make the public aware not to park in front of them.
27. A married pair of entomology buffs from Toronto successfully concluded a 38-year quest in the mid-1970s with what has been described as one of the greatest natural history discoveries of recent times. What was the discovery?
Answer to Canada Quiz #27
The migratory path and overwintering site in Mexico of the monarch butterfly.
As a child growing up in Ontario, Fred Urquhart observed monarch butterflies flying south each year, and wondered where they were headed.
In 1937 he began developing a technique for tagging butterflies with unique identification numbers. The process was further perfected with the help of his wife, Norah Patterson. Together they took out ads appealing to volunteers to help tag monarchs and to report any tagged butterflies found.
The butterfly trail led to Mexico where the Urquhart’s enlisted the help of Ken and Cathy Brugger, who in 1975, discovered millions of monarch butterflies clinging to the oyamel trees of the Sierra Madre Mountains.
The Urquhart’s traveled to Mexico in 1976 to observe the overwintering spot themselves, and there Fred Urquhart achieved ultimate confirmation by finding a butterfly with tag number PS 397, which had been attached by two school children and their teacher in Chaska, Minnesota.
For their work the Urquhart’s were designated members of the Order of Canada in 1998.
26. What early American epic poem opens in a Maritime province evergreen forest?
Answer to Canada Quiz #26
Evangeline: A Tale of Acadie by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
This is the forest primeval. The murmuring pines and the hemlocks,
So begins Longfellow’s poetic tale set during the painful historical event known as the Acadian Expulsion of 1755. The poem relates the wanderings of an Acadian girl who becomes separated from her lover during their deportation and spends years in search of him. The sylvan setting is identified a few lines into the poem as Grand Pré, Nova Scotia.
The piece launched Longfellow’s career as the most popular poet of his day, and has been called the first important long poem in American literature.
Evangeline also ends with a forest reference. The final stanza begins:
Still stands the forest primeval; but under the shade of its branches
Dwells another race, with other customs and language.
It highlights a condition that continues to resonate within parts of Canada today.