12. What well-known military leader, during his first experience commanding troops in battle, attacked the party of a Canadian envoy, sparking an international war?
Answer to Canada Quiz #12
On May 28, 1754 22-year-old Lt. Colonel George Washington, leading the colonial Virginia Regiment and supported by a band of Mingo warriors, attacked a party of 35 French Canadians on a diplomatic mission under the command of Quebecker Joseph Coulon de Villiers de Jumonville. Washington, at the behest of the British Crown, and Jumonville, representing the interests of France, were under orders to claim possession of the Ohio River Valley in southwestern Pennsylvania.
The Battle of Jumonville Glen is considered the opening battle of the French and Indian War. Within two years the conflict escalated into the Seven Years War, pitting, among others, Great Britain and Prussia against France, Austria, Spain and Russia.
One month after the attack, Jumonville’s brother, Louis Coulon de Villiers, at the head of 600 French, Canadian and native American fighters, routed the Virginia Regiment, and forced the only surrender of Washington’s military career.
- Battle of Jumonville Glen, Wikipedia
- French and Indian War, Wikipedia
- Seven Year’s War, Wikipedia
- The Jumonville Affair, Pennsylvania History
- Curiosities of Canadian Literature—Washington and Jumonville, The Canadian Monthly
- Crucible of War: The Seven Years’ War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754–1766, Anderson, Fred (2000). New York: Alfred Knopf.