20. Name 3 past or present Olympic sports that were invented or fathered by a Canadian.
Answer to Canada Quiz #20
A. Ice hockey
The birth of ice hockey took place at King’s College School in Windsor, Nova Scotia, when schoolboys adapted the field game of hurley to a frozen skating pond. In 1875, James Creighton, who is considered the “father of organized hockey,” orchestrated the first indoor hockey game in Montreal, and helped codify the rules two years later. Hockey was introduced as an Olympic sport at the 1920 summer games.
Ontario-native James Naismith studied physical education in Montreal and became the first athletic director of McGill University before he moved on to teach at the YMCA International Training School (now Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA where he invented basketball in 1891. The sport became an official event at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin.
A game resembling lacrosse was played by the indigenous peoples of the Canadian St. Lawrence River Valley as early as the 17th century. In 1867, Montreal dentist William George Beers codified the rules of the sport, including the size of the ball, length of the field, number of players and duration of a match, earning recognition as the “father of modern lacrosse.” Lacrosse was an official sport in the 1904 and 1908 Olympics.